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Off-Line Quality Control, Parameter Design, and the Taguchi Method

Summary: Off-line quality control methods are quality and cost control activities conducted at the product and process design stages to improve product manufacturability and reliability, and to reduce product development and lifetime costs. Parameter design is an off-line quality control method. At the product design stage the goal of parameter design is to identify settings of product design characteristics that make the product's performance less sensitive to the effects of environmental variables, deterioration, and manufacturing variations. Because parameter design reduces performance variation by reducing the influence of the sources of variation rather than by controlling them, it is a very cost-effective technique for improving product quality. This paper introduces the concepts of off-line quality control and parameter design and then discusses the Taguchi Method for conducting parameter design experiments.

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  • Topics: Statistics, Reliability, Product Development and Recall, Quality Control, Design of Experiments
  • Keywords: Statistics,Reliability,Product design,Variation,Orthogonal array (OA),Off-line quality control,Design of experiments (DOE),Taguchi method
  • Author: Kackar, Raghu N.
  • Journal: Journal of Quality Technology