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Screening Outliers in Normal Process Control Data with Uniform Residuals

Summary: The use of sequential uniform residuals is proposed to screen outliers in process control data. The exact distribution theory of these statistics allows a precise control of the number of observations incorrectly rejected when the process is in control and generated by a normal process distribution. It is also shown that the technique given here has attractive inference properties for detecting shifts in the process distribution mean. The power for detecting a mean shift of specified magnitude is given in terms of a noncentral Student t distribution function, and it is observed that a central Student t distribution gives a good approximation to this power for most cases of interest.

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  • Topics: Statistical Process Control (SPC), Statistics
  • Keywords: Process control,Outliers,Screening,Statistics
  • Author: Quesenberry, Charles P.
  • Journal: Journal of Quality Technology