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Stability and Sensitivity of an EWMA Controller

Summary: The performance of a process control algorithm based on EWMA statistic is analyzed. A simple condition relating the EWMA weight and the estimated process gain is shown to ensure that the control strategy is stable for a first-order multiple-input, single-output process that may be drifting or wandering. A similar condition is shown to guarantee stability for a second-order, single-input process. An expression is derived for the output mean squared deviation from target as a function of the algorithm parameters, how quickly the process drifts or wanders, and the amount of noise. The results are illustrated in the context of an epitaxial growth process.

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  • Topics: Statistical Process Control (SPC)
  • Keywords: Exponentially weighted moving average control charts (EWMA),Stability,Statistical process control (SPC),Feedback control
  • Author: Ingolfsson, Armann; Sachs, Emanuel
  • Journal: Journal of Quality Technology