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Multivariate Quality Control Using Finite Intersection Tests

Summary: Multivariate quality control problems involve the evaluation of a process based on the simultaneous behavior of p variables. Most multivariate quality control procedures evaluate the in-control or out-of-control condition based upon an overall statistic, like Hotelling's T2. Although T2 is optimal for finding a general shift in the mean vector, it is not optimal for shifts that occur for some subset of variables, a variable at a time. When this occurs, the optimal procedure is to utilize a Finite Intersection Test (FIT). In this article we show how to use a single step and stepdown FIT to evaluate whether a multivariate process is in control or out of control.

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  • Topics:
  • Keywords: Multivariate control charts,Hotelling's T2 statistic
  • Author: Timm, Neil H.
  • Journal: Journal of Quality Technology