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A Note on Individual and Moving Range Control Charts

Summary: In some process control applications it may be necessary to limit the sample size to one measurement. A possible option would be to use an individual measurement chart for monitoring the process center, and using a moving range chart for monitoring process variability (X-MR). There has been an ongoing debate, and there are conflicting views in publications whether it is necessary to sue a Shewhart moving range chart when there is already a Shewhart individual measurement chart being utilized. In this article it is shown that there is no disadvantage in using the X-MR procedure based on average run length values. However, there are other considerations that justify the use of the X-MR procedure over the X-chart alone. In this article we hope to offer some clarifications on this topic, and provide graphs that simplify the design of such charts. We limit discussions to the case where it is reasonable to assume normality and negligible autocorrelation in the data.

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  • Author: Amin, Raid W.; Ethridge, Ronald A.
  • Journal: Journal of Quality Technology