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Engineering-Driven Statistical Adjustment and Calibration

Summary: [This abstract is based on the authors' abstract.] Engineering model development involves several simplifying assumptions for the purpose of mathematical tractability. These assumptions are often not realistic in practice. This leads to discrepancies in the model predictions. A commonly used statistical approach to overcome this problem is to build a statistical model for the discrepancies between the engineering model and observed data. In contrast, an engineering approach would be to find the causes of discrepancy and fix the engineering model using first principles. However, the engineering approach is time consuming, whereas the statistical approach is fast. The drawback of the statistical approach is that it treats the engineering model as a black box and therefore, the statistically adjusted models lack physical interpretability. This article proposes a new framework for model calibration and statistical adjustment. It tries to open up the black box using simple main effects analysis and graphical plots and introduces statistical models inside the engineering model. This approach leads to simpler adjustment models that are physically more interpretable. The approach is illustrated using a model for predicting the cutting forces in a laser-assisted mechanical micro-machining process. This article has supplementary material online.

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  • Topics: Statistical Process Control (SPC)
  • Keywords: Analysis of variance (ANOVA), Gaussian curve, Nonlinear models, Statistical process control (SPC), Calibration, Main effects, Regression analysis
  • Author: Joseph, V. Roshan; Yan, Huan
  • Journal: Technometrics