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Constructing General Orthogonal Fractional Factorial Split-Plot Designs

Summary: [This abstract is based on the authors' abstract.] While the orthogonal design of split-plot fractional factorial experiments has received much attention already, there are still major voids in the literature. First, designs with one or more factors acting at more than two levels have not yet been considered. Second, published work on nonregular fractional factorial split-plot designs was either based only on Plackett–Burman designs, or on small nonregular designs with limited numbers of factors. In this article, we present a novel approach to designing general orthogonal fractional factorial split-plot designs. One key feature of our approach is that it can be used to construct two-level designs as well as designs involving one or more factors with more than two levels. Moreover, the approach can be used to create two-level designs that match or outperform alternative designs in the literature, and to create two-level designs that cannot be constructed using existing methodology. Our new approach involves the use of integer linear programming and mixed integer linear programming, and, for large design problems, it combines integer linear programming with variable neighborhood search. We demonstrate the usefulness of our approach by constructing two-level split-plot designs of 16–96 runs, an 81-run three-level split-plot design, and a 48-run mixed-level split-plot design. Supplementary materials for this article are available online.

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  • Topics: Statistics
  • Keywords: Fractional factorials, Split-plot design, Interactions, Experiments, Algorithm, Confounding
  • Author: Sartono, Bagus; Goos, Peter; Schoen, Eric;
  • Journal: Technometrics